DRW
Competition
HERAKLION, GREECE

Bricks

International Architectural Competition for an Innovative, Bioclimatic, European School Complex in Heraklion, Crete, Greece. Organised by UIA and the School Building Organisation in Greece.
(SECOND PRIZE)

Similarly to the olive groves of the surrounding area, our project leaves traces, marks and organises the earth upon which it is built; it is a “bridge” that connects, a “clay wall” that defines and protects, and a “cave” that shelters knowledge.
We responded to the intense landscape of the area of Voutes, Crete – the cliffs and valleys of the region – and sought for an architectural gesture that would take advantage of these microclimatic conditions. At the same time, the scheme underlines the presence of the educational institution, not by standing out, but by letting the agrarian landscape play the leading role. The agricultural terraces, the dry stone walls and all the existing forms of environmentally sustainable management of earth, natural resources, and space constitute our primary references.
The volumes of the schools are arrayed facing south, in such a way that all the classrooms are exposed to the best climatic conditions of natural light and ventilation. The schools for the different age groups break into two distinct volumes occupying the two sides of a linear open plaza. While planning regulations of the region allow higher volumes, our proposal does not exceed the height of two storeys to create an open, horizontally organised school that inculcates un-hierarchical, egalitarian values to its students.
The size and typology of each school was dictated by the age and specific needs of the pupils. The kindergarten is a small-scale protected environment, organised around a small yard. The primary school is also arranged around a larger atrium, in the fashion of a contemporary agora. The secondary school – the largest building in the complex – is a compact  block of two semi-independent clusters.

Team
Theodossis Issaias
Platon Issaias
Constandis Kizis
Alexandra Vougia
Collaborators
Ilias Matsas / Mechanical Engineer
Giannis Tsafoulias / Mechanical Engineer
Categories
Collective Equipment, Ecology, Environment, Infrastructure, Policy, Provision, Research, Speculative, Sustainability, Territory

About

Fatura Collaborative – Research & Design Practice, was founded in 2009 and is developing projects across a wide range of scales, from intimate objects and performance, to architecture, urban design and planning. We are interested in architecture as social infrastructure, in developing collective equipments, in the design of spaces of care, empathy and welfare. We design and research expanding new problematics about ecology, the domestic, everyday life and the city.

Members

ELISAVET HASA
ARCHITECT

is an architect and researcher based in London. She studied architecture in Patras, Greece, and currently is a PhD candidate at the School of Architecture at the Royal College of Art in London. Her research focuses on the intersections between social movements and the state apparatus, and centers around the ad-hoc infrastructures created for welfare provision during periods of crisis. She has practiced architecture in the UK and worked in the housing, healthcare, and education sectors in collaboration with public authorities and established architectural practices. Prior to London, Elisavet gained experience as an architect in Athens and Madrid.

PLATON ISSAIAS
ARCHITECT

is an architect, researcher, and educator. He studied architecture in Thessaloniki, Greece, and holds an MSc from Columbia University and a PhD from TU Delft and The City as a Project research collective. He is the director of Projective Cities MPhil programme at the Architectural Association, where he is also teaching Diploma Unit 7 with Hamed Khosravi. Previously, he has taught at the Berlage Institute (Netherlands), in the MArch Urban Design programme at the Bartlett, the RCA, Syracuse University and the University of Cyprus. His research interests explore urban design and architecture in the relation to the politics of labour, economy, law and labour struggles. He has written and lectured extensively about Greek urbanisation and the politics of urban development.

THEODOSSIS ISSAIAS
ARCHITECT

is an architect and educator, and recently joined the Heinz Architectural Center at the Carnegie Museum of Art as Associate Curator. He earned his diploma of Architecture at the National Technical University of Athens and an SMarchS degree from MIT. Since 2009, he has been practicing as a founding member of Fatura Collaborative, an architecture and research collective. His PhD dissertation, “Architectures of the Humanitarian Front” (Yale University), explores the nexus of humanitarian organizations and architecture and their relation to conflict, displacement and the provision of shelter.

GIANNANTONIS MOUTSATSOS
ARCHITECT

is an architect based in Lund, Sweden. He graduated in 2010 from the School of Architecture of the National Technical University of Athens and holds an MSc in Energy Efficient and Environmental Building Design from the School of Architecture of Lund University (2015). He has practiced architecture as a freelance architect in Greece and currently in Sweden (eg. Tengbom architects), where he works on a wide range of projects including small houses, larger residential complexes as well as care, educational and industrial facilities.

ALEXANDRA VOUGIA
ARCHITECT

graduated in 2007 from the School of Architecture of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece. She holds the MSc in Advanced Architectural Design from GSAPP, Columbia University (2008). In June 2016, she was awarded the degree of Doctor of Philosophy by the Architectural Association. Her thesis dealt with the transition towards abstraction in art and architecture during the end of 19th and early 20th centuries, with an emphasis on interwar architectural modernism in Germany. Alexandra has been teaching at the AA since 2012, where she is currently a studio master in the First Year Studio of the Experimental Programme and a Programme Coordinator and Course tutor in the MArch Architecture & Urbanism (DRL) programme. She has practiced as an architect in New York and Athens.