Highways, Dragons and Party Walls

Research and design project for a cooperative, incremental housing protocol for Da Nang, Vietnam.

The recent development of the two special economic and processing zones and the Da Nang Hi-tech Park (DHTP) in Da Nang, Vietnam, have resulted in the dramatic transformation of the region. The zones vociferously consume and reclaim vast areas of agricultural land as well as seek cheap domestic and migrant labour to run their operations. The contemporaneous decision of the political regime to deregulate the real estate market has resulted in the vast expansion of the city’s administrative boundaries with rudimentary infrastructure. Thousands of hectares of subdivided land in the periphery of the city remain in the hands of land speculators while smallholders are being displaced and migrant workers seek a place to stay. This is a paradigmatic case of how the extra-state-craft operations of the zones have immediate implications in the adjacent communities and environments.

Working alongside local NGOs, we have been employing both legislative and architectural means for the creation of cooperative incremental housing models for migrant workers and displaced smallholders. The project conforms to the existing subdivisions in order to disguise itself and be granted official permits. At the same time, it consolidates resources, provides a low-budget method of construction, safeguards and protects public areas, improves common infrastructure, and remediates the land. Simple regulating protocols define easements, setbacks, positions of wet infrastructure, while we provide an increasing array of different housing units – frameworks of co-habitation – that could be adapted and expanded through time. 

Theodossis Issaias
Platon Issaias
Giannantonis Moutsatsos
Alexandra Vougia
Elisavet Hasa
Long Nguyen / Lawyer, VIETAID founder
Chuong Dang / Planner
Aspasia Xypolia / Planner, housing advocate
Architecture, Collective Equipment, Development model, Housing, Infrastructure, Planning, Provision, Research, Sustainability


Fatura Collaborative – Research & Design Practice, was founded in 2009 and is developing projects across a wide range of scales, from intimate objects and performance, to architecture, urban design and planning. We are interested in architecture as social infrastructure, in developing collective equipments, in the design of spaces of care, empathy and welfare. We design and research expanding new problematics about ecology, the domestic, everyday life and the city.



is an architect, researcher and educator based in London. She holds a diploma in architecture from the School of Architecture of the University of Patras, Greece (2015) and was awarded a PhD from the School of Architecture at the Royal College of Art (2022). Her thesis dealt with the materiality of grassroots, ad hoc and mutual aid projects by social movements in Europe and the United States, with an emphasis on their relationship with the state. She is teaching in undergraduate architectural design studios and history and theory courses at the London South Bank University and Central Saint Martins. She is also a registered architect in the UK (ARB) and Greece (TCG) and has practiced architecture in London, Madrid and Athens.


is an architect, researcher, and educator. He studied architecture in Thessaloniki, Greece, and holds an MSc from Columbia University and a PhD from TU Delft and The City as a Project research collective. He is the director of Projective Cities MPhil programme at the Architectural Association, where he is also teaching Diploma Unit 7 with Hamed Khosravi. Previously, he has taught at the Berlage Institute (Netherlands), in the MArch Urban Design programme at the Bartlett, the RCA, Syracuse University and the University of Cyprus. His research interests explore urban design and architecture in the relation to the politics of labour, economy, law and labour struggles. He has written and lectured extensively about Greek urbanisation and the politics of urban development.


is an architect and educator, and recently joined the Heinz Architectural Center at the Carnegie Museum of Art as Associate Curator. He earned his diploma of Architecture at the National Technical University of Athens and an SMarchS degree from MIT. Since 2009, he has been practicing as a founding member of Fatura Collaborative, an architecture and research collective. His PhD dissertation, “Architectures of the Humanitarian Front” (Yale University), explores the nexus of humanitarian organizations and architecture and their relation to conflict, displacement and the provision of shelter.


is an architect based in Lund, Sweden. He graduated in 2010 from the School of Architecture of the National Technical University of Athens and holds an MSc in Energy Efficient and Environmental Building Design from the School of Architecture of Lund University (2015). He has practiced architecture as a freelance architect in Greece and currently in Sweden (eg. Tengbom architects), where he works on a wide range of projects including small houses, larger residential complexes as well as care, educational and industrial facilities.


graduated in 2007 from the School of Architecture of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece. She holds the MSc in Advanced Architectural Design from GSAPP, Columbia University (2008). In June 2016, she was awarded the degree of Doctor of Philosophy by the Architectural Association. Her thesis dealt with the transition towards abstraction in art and architecture during the end of 19th and early 20th centuries, with an emphasis on interwar architectural modernism in Germany. Alexandra has been teaching at the AA since 2012, where she is currently a studio master in the First Year Studio of the Experimental Programme and a Programme Coordinator and Course tutor in the MArch Architecture & Urbanism (DRL) programme. She has practiced as an architect in New York and Athens.